The History of Battery Electric Vehicles

Battery Electric Vehicles or BEVs, predated the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. It was between 1832-1839 that Robert Anderson, a Scottish businessman, invented the first electric carriage and Professor Sibrandus Stratingh from the Netherlands designed the first small-scale electric car which was built by his assistant Christopher Becker in 1835.

The storage battery improved, firstly by Gaston Planté, a French physicist who invented the lead acid cell in 1859 and the first rechargeable battery. Then, in 1881, Camille Faure developed a more efficient and reliable battery which became so successful in the early electric cars. This discovery caused battery electric vehicles to flourish, with France and Great Britain being the first nations to support widespread development of electric vehicles.

Prior to 1900, battery electric vehicles held many speed and distance records, the most notable of which, was the breaking of the 100 km/h (60 mph) speed barrier. It was by Camille Jenatzy on April 29, 1899 in a rocket-shaped vehicle named Jamais Contente (Never Happy) which reached a top speed of 105.88 km/h (65.79 mph).

During the early 20th Century, battery electric vehicles outsold gasoline powered vehicles and were successfully sold as town cars to upper-class customers. Because of technological limitations, these cars were limited to a top speed of about 32 km/h (20 mph). The cars were marketed as “suitable vehicles for women drivers”. Electric vehicles did not need hand-cranking to start.

One of the downfalls of the battery electric vehicle was the introduction of the electric starter in 1913. It simplified the task of starting an internal combustion engine which was previously difficult and dangerous to start with the crank handle. Another was the mass-produced and relatively cheap Ford Model-T. Finally, the loss of Edisons direct current electric power transmission system. He was battling with George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla over their desire to introduce alternating current as the principal electricity distribution. Edison’s direct current was the load for electric motors.

Battery electric vehicles were limited to niche applications. Forklift trucks were battery electric vehicles when introduced in 1923. BEV golf carts which were used as neighborhood electric vehicles and were partially “street legal”. By the late 1930s, the electric automobile industry had disappeared until the invention of the point contact transistor in 1947 which started a new era of electric vehicle.

In 1959 the Henney Kilowatt was introduced and was the world’s first modern transistor-regulated electric car and the predecessor to the more recent battery electric vehicles such as General Motors EV1. Only 47 Henney Kilowatts were produced, 24 being sold as 1959 models and 8 as 1960 models. It is not clear what happened to the other 15 built but it could be possible that they were sold as 1961 or 1962 models. None of the 8 1960 models were sold to the public because of the high manufacturing costs, but were sold to the electric cooperatives who funded the project.

It is estimated that there are between four and eight Henney Kilowatt battery electric vehicles still in existence with at least two of the survivors still driven periodically.

Battery electric vehicles have had issues with high battery costs, with limited travel distances, with charging time and the lifespan of the battery, although advancements in battery technology has addressed many of those problems.

At the present time, controversy reigns over battery electric vehicles. Campaigners, (et al) for BEV’s are accusing three major US automobile manufacturers of deliberately sabotaging BEV efforts through several methods, for instance, failing to market, failing to produce appropriate vehicles, by failing to satisfy demand and using lease-only programs with prohibitions against end of lease purchase.

In their defense, the three major manufacturers they have responded that they only make what the public want and the current trend is that the public doesn’t want battery electric vehicles.

Although we have the technology to manufacture and provide BEVs, one of the biggest downfalls for the prolific production of BEVs is the extortionate cost of replacement batteries. In some cases the cost of replacement batteries can be more than the price of the whole vehicle, especially when buying used battery electric vehicles.

What You Need to Know About

Being a homeowner has its own set of perks that include, paying less to live in a home each month, knowing that each payment you make is going towards something you own, being able to make your own repairs and choose who to hire to make repairs for you. It is not every day that you need to have something fixed or redone, but if the day arises that you need to have the wiring in your home checked out, it is best to avoid doing this task yourself and hire a good contractor for the job.

and wiring is one thing you don’t want to mess with, if you are not trained or very knowledgeable about it. Not only is it very dangerous, you can also can a very dangerous situation to occur if you mess with the wrong wires. Electrical fires are nothing to play with and can destroy everything you love in a matter of minutes. When you notice something fishy going on with your electricity, the first place you may want to point a figure at is your utility provider. Sometimes things happen where you may have forgotten to pay the bill. If you know your bill is current and up to date, then you should point that finger at the electrical wiring in your home.

The first thing you need to do is to get on the phone and call an electrician to come and take a look at your . If there is a deficiency somewhere, that electrician will be able to pinpoint it. Sometimes the can become worn, thin or eroded away and cause a series of unfortunate events to occur on the inside of your walls, while you are not even aware there is a problem until it is too late. Rather than assume that everything is okay, you need to make sure that all of the in your home is good. This will help keep you and your family safe, while enabling you to sleep better at night.

When the electrician comes out to inspect your circuits, they will inform you about what is going on and suggest ways to prevent the situation from occurring again. They may also make some adjustments for you while they are redoing your electrical wiring and insulation. Don’t brush off any of the information or advice they are giving you. Remember, that information will save your home and keep it from going up in smoke when you least suspect it.

Take the time now to invest in renovating your home and have the wiring redid so that it is up to code, especially if your home is an older model. There is nothing worse in knowing what’s wrong with your home and doing nothing to fix it and prevent a disaster from happening. As a homeowner, it is your obligation and privilege to take a proactive stance about any repairs your home may need.

– Should You Do It Yourself?

is the process in which electrical appliances and / or equipment is fitted to ensure that it both works correctly and is safe for people to use it on an everyday basis. It can be installed by the individual who purchases it or by a specialist electrical company with qualified installers. When choosing whether you will consult professionals to conduct the it will depend a lot on the scale of the installation task.

When deciding if you will install it yourself or hire a professional to do the installation work for you, it is important to ask yourself a few questions first of all. After answering these questions it will give you an idea of what direction to take.

– How experienced am I with electrical appliances?

– Do I know how to test if the appliance is working safely after installation?

– What are the potential problems / cost of repairs if there is a problem after installation?

– Do I have the time to carry out the required work without rushing it?

If any of these questions give you any cause for concern then it is recommended that you consult a professional electrician in order to undertake the work on your behalf. Although this will cost you money it is much more preferable to the possible high costs of later repairs, not to mention that the danger that you can put yourself and others in by doing an incorrect installation.

However if you have some experience or qualifications then it is possible that you will be able to carry out the without the need for professional assistance. Remember to always check the instruction manual that will come with the appliance or equipment and consult the manufacturer or a qualified electrician regarding this to ensure that safety is always maintained during the .